Beauty Tips

Beauty Tips

Beauty Tips: UrduTotkay provide you the best home made Totkay for your daily life, even beauty tips in Urdu and English as well. First of all you can select your skin whether its dry, oily, reddish, or any other kin problem More »

Cooking Recipes

Cooking Recipes

Recipes are very common in our daily life for both cooking and herbal recipes which were made for your own for cooking as well as for your health More »

Health Care

Health Care

A piece of paper angled just so can slice right through the skin of your hand and make you wince at the sting of a paper cut. More »

Health Tips

Health Tips

Teeth care is very important for all human being and its treatment of teeth is also very expensive around the world, so be careful about your teeth and your family teeth, More »

Urdu Totkay

Urdu Totkay

Urdu Totkay.com ( اردو ٹوٹکے ) provide one and only platform for all kinds of Totkay like Urdu Totkay, Health Totkay, Beauty Totkay, Cooking Totkay, Desi Totkay, Local Totkay, Gharelo Totkay, Natural Totkay including Tips and Tricks of these Totkay More »

 

Category Archives: Health Care

Mouth Freshener Tips in Urdu

Tips and Remedies for Mouth Freshener
Most of the people have a mouth freshener problem and avoid discussing or talking to friends and family members, they even used tulsi and other medicated and mouth freshener to avoid mouth smell and loose self-confidence.
The main cause of this bad smell is due to irregularity of your stomach which create a breathing problem and embarrassment when have any meeting with colleagues, friends  and even your family members especially your life partner.urdu totkay dot com  mouth freshener
Urdu Totkay dot com provide easy and affordable solutions for you
Just take few tulsi leaves and eat it or take tusli leave water, this plant is easily available in almost all the nurseries. Niem leaves are also suitable for mouth smell just boil these leaves and mouth

urdu totkay for mouth freshener

These are the Urdu Totkay dot com Tips for bad breath and bad breath home remedies in urdu and its solutions natural bad breath remedies, moun ki badboo door karne k totkay, bad mouth smell in urdu for you

 

Uric Acid Totkay in Urdu

Uric Acid Totkay: Uric Acid is very common now a days especially in women, people around the globe search totkay for uric acid and its solution, UrduTotkay dot com search and provide best totkay for you

 

uric acid ki ilaj
This is very easy and simple totka for uric acid, joint pain, high blood pressure, and stomach problem, all these things are easily available in almost all in your daily life.
Read it carefully and when you are satisfied for this totka share it with your dear ones

People likely search it as uric acid treatment in urdu and the diet uric acid control diet in urdu

uric acid diet in Urdu and English, uric acid in urdu language

and uric acid test and its detail like uric acid detail in urdu, its meaning like uric acid meaning in urdu

and uric acid ki alamat in urdu

They have one and only solution i.e this desi totka or tips in Urdu or herbal and homeopathic treatment

People around the world search and treatment of Uric acid, and search uric acid diet, uric acid ka ilaj in hindi, uric acid ka desi ilaj in hindi and uric acid ka ilaj in urdu, uric acid ka homeopathic ilaj and herbal treatment in urdu without any side effect, uric acid ilaj agha and its symptoms uric acid urdu language and uric acid ka parhez all in one at UrduTotkay dot com.

 

 

 

 

Open Blocked Heart Veins

Open blocked heart veins in urdu, Heart Attack and Blocked Veins: If you and your family member or friend are any disease blocked heart veins, there is one and only solution of this dangerous disease which was prescribed by Moulana Allah Wasaya, this prescription is very easy and simple and affordable

This herbal treatment is opened all odd your blocked heart veins and it will even avoid by-pass surgery which is very expensive and not affordable for majority of the  people around the world.

heartThese five things are easily available in the market, Just take
* One cup of Lemon Juice
* One cup of Ginger Juice
* One cup of Garlic Juice
* One cup of Apple Vinegar
* Three Cups of Honey

Just Mix these four cups of juice, then boil of slow heat when it reduced up-to three cups, when it cooled then mixed three cups of Honey and mixed it well, Take this liquid early morning before taking anything just three tablespoon. INSHALLAH all blocked veins will cleared instantly within few days.

heart urdu totkay

Avoid Plastic Crockery

Doctors Advice about Plastic crockery like Plates, cups, and other plastic accessories.

* Don’t Use any drink or tea in Plastic crockery like plates, cups,
* Don’t Eat any hot object plastic kit
* Don’t Use plastic crockery in Microwave Oven

plastic platesEven in American Doctor’s Association warn the Public to avoid eating in plastic containers, plates, cups and other daily plastic crockery because it have a high level of chemicals

Because it have a chemical which produces more than 52 types of cancer

urdu totkay for health

Avoid usage of all plastic accessories because it have a chemical which affect your health and circulated in your body.

 

 

 

OSTEOPOROSIS

OSTEOPOROSIS(تَصلَب العظام ۔ ہَڈّی کی بَڑھَتی ہُوئی سَختی)

The BRITTLE TRUTH

Osteoporosis can happen to anyone. T(;e good” news is that lifetime of proper nutrition and exercise helps ensure that silent disease does not sneak up on you. T.F. Pacis

urdu totkay healthA piece of paper angled just so can slice right through the skin of your hand and make you wince at the sting of a paper cut. A tiny dust particle that enters your eye can make you teary-eyed. Is the human body that delicate? Absolutely so; and yet the body is also incredibly strong. Did you know that it can take the weight of up to six American professional football players (all 1800 pounds of them) to break a thighbone? Human bones have the breaking strength of cast iron-meaning that breaking a bone would require as much pressure as it would take to break a cast iron pan.

Amazingly all that strength is no match for osteoporosis. This crippling disease makes bones so brittle that a slight fall can break a bone. In its advanced stages a child’s hug or even a sneeze can result in multiple breaks. Ironically, for all the Hardship it brings, osteoporosis is called the silent disease because until a bone fracture occurs, its victims are largely unaware of their condition. Early diagnosis of the disease is difficult precisely because there are no symptoms. “By the time patients come to us complaining of back and other pains, it’s already too late. Osteoporosis has already progressed and a fracture already exists,” says orthopedic surgeon Dr. Angelo Ochoa.

In the U.S., osteoporosis is responsible for an estimated 1.5 million bone fractures each year. The World Congress on Osteoporosis estimates that in the next 50 years, Europealone will experience a 100 percent increase in the incidence of osteoporosis, despite active information campaigns. And Asian, with our low dietary intake of calcium, are at greater risk for the disease. In fact, it has been predicted that by 2050, over half of crippling or even ife-threatening hip fractures will be among Asians.
UNDERSTANDING OUR BONES

Our bodies are supported by more than 200 bones. All these bones are living structures that go through the normal process of breakdown and new growth. This is known as bone remodeling. In the early years of a person’s life, more “new bone” grows than breaks down. By the time a person reaches his mid-20s to mid-30s, his bones are as strong and as dense as they will ever be. After early adulthood, however, the process is reversed so that more bone breaks down than is rebuilt. Osteoporosis develops when too much bone is lost through breakdown.

Although the disease can and does develop in older men, post-menopausal women are four times more likely to suffer from osteoporosis because of a deficiency in the hormone called estrogen. Estrogen, which is produced in the ovaries, is an important factor in reducing bone loss. When women hit menopause, their bodies stop producing estrogen and bone loss occurs at a dramatic rate. In fact, during the first five years of menopause, women can lose up to 50 percent of all bone minerals they built up over their lifetime.

Osteoporosis leaves bones so weak and fragile that bone fractures can occur even from the slightest bumps and most minor falls. Sometimes, the sheer weight of the upper body can cause vertebral osteoporosis fractures that then lead to height loss and extreme back curvatures. Hip and vertebral osteoporosis fractures are the most common and most expensive injuries to treat. They can be very painful and recuperation from them is a long process. According to physical therapist “Natalie Yu, rehabilitating osteoporosis patients with major fractures takes twice as long as healthy individuals. This means it could take up to six months (sometimes even longer) for an osteoporosis individual to recuperate. Worse yet, if multiple fractures occur, permanent disability is possible.

EARLY PREVENTION

While it is true that osteoporosis develops later in life, this should not lull any young person into complacency. In fact, among Asians – whose diets are often calcium deficient – bone loss can happen as early as in the 20s. Guarding against the possibility of osteoporosis takes a lifetime’s worth of proper nutrition and exercise. Naturally, preventive routines differ in focus through various age periods.

From infancy to adulthood, the focus is on building up bone mass so that bones are as strong and dense as possible. The idea is to fortify the bone structures so that even when the inevitable wave of bone loss occurs, there are enough reserve tissues to keep the bones in a healthy condition. Calcium and other minerals are primarily responsible for the hardness of bones. This is why a calcium-rich diet is touted as the best preventive remedy to osteoporosis.

Calcium-rich foods should comprise much of our diet to give the body all the calcium it possibly needs. Dr. Ochoa, however, warns against stockpiling calcium in our bodies. The principle of more calcium for healthier bones works only to the point that the body can still use the calcium. Beyond that point, a person runs the risk of hypocalcaemia or calcium overdose a condition that has its own set of problems. ‘Stick to the required daily allowance of calcium for your age group. It is sufficient,” he says. Calcium is most readily found in milk products but is not limited to such foods. Broccoli, collards, tofu, salmon, canned sardines packed with their bones, and calcium fortified orange juice do just as well.

Sometimes, doctors reco­mmend calcium supplements to augment calcium intake.

Vitamin D is also critical because it helps the body absorb calcium. Vitamin D can be found in fortified milk and egg products and is also produced by our skin when it is exposed to sunlight. A daily routine of ten minutes under the sun does the job. Finally, regular exercise is necessary for strengthening the skeletal structure. Weight bearing exercises such as aerobics, walking, jogging, and taboo are best suited for this purpose.

Teeth Care Tips A “Natural” Smile

A “Natural” Smile

A sunshine smile is always appealing. Besides brushing your teeth regularly, another secret to brilliant smile and fresh breath is by using the right toothpaste.

Good oral care regime is an important part of our daily personal hygiene. It does not merely prevent unnecessary oral health problems, but it also gives you a healthy, sunshine smile and fresh breath you can be sure of, so that you are always making a good impression with people that you’re talking to.

urdutotkay.com teethcareHerbal toothpaste:

Herbal toothpaste helps to provide good oral health through the natural action of soothing property of the herbs.

Herbs for oral health:

The power of herbs has been acknowledged since ancient times, especially in the Asian population. Different herbs have been documented for the use in oral care.

Chamomile:

As a member of the daisy family, chamomile has been used to reduce swelling caused by gum problems and mouth ulcer. It is the active ingredient, bioflavonoid, which contributes to its anti-inflammatory action.

Clove:

Clove oil and the flower buds have been valued as a herbal medicine for a long time. The oil from clove contains eugenol that has soothing effect on sore gum tissue and at the same time acts as an antiseptic substance. It also has antibacterial and pain-killing properties, which are used primarily as a local anaesthetic for toothache Clove oil has a pleasant aroma, which can control bad breath odours

Eucalyptus:

An evergreen tree, its oil has been widely used in various conditions. As a traditional aboriginal remedy, eucalyptus is a powerful antiseptic used all over the world for relieving cough sore throat and other infections, including gums

infection Eucalyptus oil has strong antibacterial action.

Mint:

An excellent breath freshener, mint is always the choice of flavouring for toothpaste. When combined with cinnamon, its effectiveness as breath freshener is enhanced. It is also known to have a calming and sedative effect.

Cinnamon:

Everyone is familiar with its sweet and pungent taste when -used in cooking, or baking, but may not know that it has antibacterial properties. When added to mint, it enhances the effect of the breath freshener.

Herbal Care

Herbal Help to Avoid menopause symptoms (ہربل)

By: Nancy Beckham (UrduTotkay.com)

The aim of this article is to provide information on non-harmful ways of overcoming the problems of menopause. The information given may also be applicable to women who already have osteoporosis or for younger women who have had their ovaries removed, however these two categories of women should seek professional guidance.

health care urdutotkaydotcomSOME STATISTICS:

Twenty-five per cent of women in the 45-55 age range have no menopausal symptoms. Of the 75 per cent who have problems, the following is a breakdown of the symptoms:

Flushing and sweats 80% Lethargy 70% Nervous problems such as anxiety, depression, irritability 70% Reduced sex drive 65% Insomnia 60% Other symptoms include hair and skin changes, poor memory and lack of concentration, headaches, dry vagina, pain during intercourse, loss of confidence, loss of femininity and urinary symptoms. Of course, not all of these are necessarily linked to low oestrogen levels and could be related to dietary and lifestyle factors and the ‘normal’ aging process. After middle age, men also find they have less energy, a lower sex drive and generally sleep less.

Osteoporosis is the most serious problem associated with menopause because as much as 50 per cent of total bone mass may be lost by the time a woman reaches 70 years of age, which means that bones can fracture easily and healing may be prolonged. This disease does not affect all regions it is rare in African Negroes and there are areas where it affects more men than women; InAustralia, it is estimated that about 25 per cent of post-menopausal women have osteoporosis. I will deal with this in detail next issue.

What happens when the ovaries stop functioning?

The major factor is the lowered production of oestrogen. However, this hormone can be produced in other glands, such as the adrenals, but obviously, in many women, this does not occur quickly enough or in sufficient quantities. Basically, the hormonal system works on a feedback system; when the circulating levels are high, a chemical ‘messenger’ instructs our endocrine system not to produce any more of that particular hormone. Obviously, if we flood our system with a hormonal drug, the messages to our endocrine system will be to stop production. This may explain why some women do not menstruate for varying periods when they stop taking the Pill.

Most menopausal-age women will need to give their bodies as much assistance as possible so that sufficient oestrogen is produced to offset flushing and other symptoms, in

nearly every case, this apparently happens over a period of time as the obvious symptoms gradually lessen and disappear. This added function of the adrenals may partly explain why some women have difficulty handling stress at menopause.

The controversial topic of hormonal replacement therapy will be discussed in detail later but in view of this feedback mechanism, it may not be wise to completely dampen the corrective biological function which already exists.

I am not suggesting that we can avoid the inevitability of aging, but I can’t accept that whatever power ‘designed’ us also programmed that we were predestined to suffer a range of serious problems after middle age. We must be doing something wrong or there must be non-harmful methods of preventing the symptoms.

OESTROGENS IN FOODS AND HERBS AND HOW TO USE THEM

Since the 1920s over 50 different species of “plant have been found to contain oestrogenic substances. Most of the published research papers relate to the effects on animals, particularly in respect’of clovers and alfalfa (lucerne) causing infertility in farm animals. It so happens that a number of these plants have been used by herbalists over the centuries and this ‘tested’ use on humans has verified the hormonal effect. The tiny quantities of oestrogens in plants are extremely weak compared to pharmaceutical hormones but many women alleviate symptoms through sensible dietary changes.

Some of these oestrogen containing plants are:

Alfalfa

The sprouts are particularly recommended as they have the added advantage of being very low in calories, readily available in shops or you can make your own, palatable in salads or sandwiches, mildly alkaline and rich in nutrients, especially calcium and potassium.

Alfalfa sprouts are somewhat controversial at the moment as the Gerson Institute inMexicohas reported that they suppress the immune system and aggravate conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The origin of this report was that two women had seemingly reactivated SLE following the ingestion of 10 and 15 alfalfa tablets per day. A particular constituent L-canavanine, was extracted from alfalfa and when this isolated extract was given to susceptible animals, SLE was reactivated.

My own view is that, as SLE is a condition which has relative periods of aggravation and remission, it would be difficult to ‘blame’ one particular dietary item. Over 25 pharmaceuticals exacerbate the disease, isolated extracts of plants are in the nature of drugs and one would therefore expect side-effects and. most importantly, if this type of criterion were applied to almost any edible food, there would be very little left for us to eat. However, it may be prudent for sufferers of SLE to avoid alfalfa, all sprouted seeds and legumes, such as lentils, because these also contain the suspected irritant.

Red Clover

This is commonly sold as a herbal tea but I suggest you buy the seeds and sprout them. Please do not pick the clover yourself because the medicinal species, called Trifolium pratense, is difficult 10 distinguish from some non-edible clovers. Red clover is also used by professional herbalists for skin and respiratory conditions.

Sage

The common garden sage or red sage is used. It is better to grow your own but sage can be difficult to cultivate, mainly because it prefers a light, well-drained soil.

Sage has been used for centuries for excess sweating and heat, and scientific research has confirmed its oestrogen content. The best way to prepare it as a remedy for flushing is to soak two tablespoons of finely chopped fresh leaves (or one tablespoon dried) in 500 ml tepid water with the juice of a lemon. Leave it stand in a covered jar overnight. Strain and keep in the fridge. In severe cases you would drink the whole quantity throughout the day; where the symptoms are relatively minor, then the 500 ml could be spread over two or three days. To make it more palatable, you could mix it with a fruit or vegetable juice, or add in some crushed fennel or aniseed. The high dose may need to be used for up to four weeks, then it could be gradually reduced to a cup per day.

The old sage you have had in your cupboard since two Christmases ago probably no longer retains any therapeutic properties; good-quality dried sage will still have a reasonably good colour and its characteristic strong odour.

Parsley

This common culinary herb has oestrogen-like activity and I would suggest a handful per day; it may not be wise to use larger quantities because of the myristicin and apiol content.

Aniseed

Use the crushed seeds as a herbal tea or in cooking, for example in homemade bread. The seeds could also be added to apple cider vinegar and used in salad dressings. Finely chopped fresh leaves can be added to salads, steamed vegetables and soups. Aniseed is also helpful for minor digestive problems and coughs.

Fennel

The seeds and finely chopped fresh leaves can be used in a similar way to aniseed. There is one species of fennel (Florence) which develops a bulb-like base and this may be used like celery or lightly steamed. Some greengrocers call it aniseed root. Wild fennel is a common weed and, although the seeds and leaves could be used, this plant is often contaminated with environmental pollutants. Similar culinary herbs, such as dill and caraway, probably contain mild oestrogen-like substances.

Hops

Some health-food stores sell dried hops. It is somewhat bitter, which may also stimulate the digestive function, but the tea should be made quite weak otherwise it is not very palatable. An important feature of hops is that it has a sedative function and for this reason herbal extracts of hops are not used by professional herbalists where there is depression. Many people find that hops helps with insomnia -a herbal pillow using dried hops can be quite beneficial.

The hormonal content of hops has been verified; females harvesting it have altered menstrual periods solely from external contact. I am not sure whether or not beer, after all the processing, would retain any oestrogenic properties.

Soya Beans

Sprouts are the best way to have these, particularly as the sprouting dramatically increases the oestrogen content. However, they are quite difficult to sprout because they go mouldy and smelly if not washed and drained thoroughly and often. They are amazingly tasty but wait until you have learned to sprout alfalfa and mung beans before trying them. I add soya bean sprouts to salads or use them to thicken soups and casseroles.

Dried soya beans need to be soaked and cooked for a long time and they are probably best used in soups and casseroles but there are many ways of preparing them to make them more appetising. They are cheap, an excellent protein when combined with a grain and have other benefits, such as being protective against atherosclerosis.

If you don’t normally eat dried beans then you must start with small quantities, soaked overnight and very well cooked, otherwise you will probably have severe abdominal colic and flatulence. This is partly because certain enzymes have to be activated to handle such foods and your digestive system needs time to adjust.

Soya beans are also a leguminous plant so, theoretically, could have the same cautions as indicated under alfalfa.

Dried red beans and common green beans are also mildly oestrogenic so could be included in the diet on a regular basis.

There is some evidence that all young sprouts, including sprouted grains and legumes, have oestrogenic proper- ties and, as sprouts are cheap, pesticide and chemical free, rich in nutrients and low in calories, I recommend that you learn how to do your own and have at least one cup per day if you are a menopause age female. You can buy small paperback books giving you basic instructions for sprouting and use jars, so the starting equipment is not expensive.

Some words of warning: When using seeds to sprout, never use those that are intended for agricultural purposes because they would have been treated with fungicides or other chemicals which are potentially dangerous.

Fenugreek Contains precursors of progesterone, another female hormone commonly deficient in menopausal women. Unfortunately, the curry-like smell is readily excreted through the skin but this is not so noticeable if the seeds are sprouted.

There are other herbal and naturopathic remedies for menopausal problems but these are not normally available at retail outlets so you would need to visit a practitioner to obtain these. As with most health problems, there are mild symptoms which require no treatment or simple home remedies; then there are other instances where professional naturopathic advice is helpful and appropriate: and, finally, there are severe cases which require medical diagnosis and treatment.

OTHER SUGGESTIONS

Potassium sulphate, used in the form of tissue salts, may be helpful for flushing, Use the dosage on the label, but take double the dose for the first week.

Vitamin E has also alleviated some cases of flushing; furthermore, a study on rats showed that a vitamin E deficiency leads to lower bone weight. As this vitamin has benefits to the cardiovascular system, a supplement of 500 iu. per day would do no harm and may give marked benefits.

Cigarette smoking tends to bring on early menopause and is not recommended for this and other well-publicised reasons.

Low calorie diets are not recommended for a number of reasons which are given later, but one important factor is that fat cells are able to convert hormones from the adrenal glands into oestrogen. Although modern women, including myself, don’t want or need to be obese, it may be that ‘nature’ intended us to carry more weight as we age.

Readers may be interested in a few snippets from some of the research material which 1 have collected.

Journal of Food Protection, Vol. 42, July 1979, states that ‘human exposure to dietary oestrogens is below physiological levels. ..but the possibility of metabolic alterations to more or less active forms should not be ignored since effects of this kind have been demon”, started in experimental animals.’ Oestrogenic Constituents of Forage Plants, E.M. Bickoff, Review Series 1/1968, published by the Common wealth Bureau of Pastures and Field Crops, Hurley, Berkshire, reports that ‘the classical infertility

syndrome in ewes is associated with the cumulative effects of exposure to oestrogenic feeding for six months or longer, but short-term exposure has also caused reproductive disturbances.

The effect of oestrogenic plant substances is judged by changes in the anatomy of animals, for example in- creased uterine and ovarian weight, teat length and thicker vaginal skin.

A particularly interesting piece of research has shown that genistein, a weak plant oestrogen, is able to displace oestradiol from receptors in the tissues which could explain why some herbal remedies are traditionally used for ‘balancing’ hormones.

Both the liver and the kidneys have a capacity for converting and deactivating different types of oestrogens; there are also other regulatory mechanisms, such as the prostaglandins.
UrduTotkay.com

THE FISH FATTY ACIDS

THE FISH FATTY ACIDS
By: Dr. Rajon M. is a pharmacist who holds a PHD in Holistic Medicine
For more than half a decade, evidence on the health benefits of fish oil had been collated and well recognized by the scientific community. Fish oil is composed of several different fatty acids, some of which are essential for human growth and development. Human body can only synthesize certain essential fatty acids (EFA) but not those known as omega fatty acids. For this group of EFA, we have to obtain it from the diet, which mainly consists of fish such as salmon, sardine and mackerel. Fish oil is also an alternative for EFA.

fish freidWHAT’S IN THE FISH OIL? Eicosapentaenoic Acid

When talk of fish oil, you may have heard about the prominent fatty acid known as eicosapentaenoic acid (ERA). ‘Eicosi’ stands for ’20’ in Greek. The first double bond in the 20-carbon chain appears at the third carbon. This puts EPA in the omega-3 fatty acid class. The structure of omega-3 fatty acid is unique, your body cannot make rt but to source from the diet Eicosapentaenoic acid has long dominated the scientific and press headlines since the discovery of the low cardiovascular disease prevalence in the Eskimos. Why? Because Eskimos eat a lot of fish and fish are rich in omega-3 fatty acids.

Eicosapentaenoic acid has been associated with many cardiovascular and immune enhancing effects. It makes the Wood tess sticky and prevents Wood clots. It also appears to improve lipid profiles. It is the body’s raw material in the manufacture of super-hormones called eicosanoids. In fact, EPA was the focus of the 1982 Nobel Prize winning award for Medicine.

The nutritional supplement industry had been favouring EPA. Pharmacy and health shop shelves were packed with fish oil supplements, each claiming of its rich EPA content. Some manufacturers even called their fish oil product EPA!

Docosahexaenoic Acid

Another member belonging to the omega-3 fatty acid family is docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Over the last few years, this omega-3 fatty acid, which is also contained in fish oil, has been getting much recognition. It could be the one of the most essential nutritional supplements of this millennium.

Recent studies show that, as a major constituent of brain and nerve lipids, DHA is vital to maintain the proper function of the central nervous system. It is selectively incorporated into the phospholipids in the eye retina and nerve synapses, making up as much as 60% of the lipids in the brain and nerve tissue. Significant amounts are also found in other membranes such as those in the cardiac tissue and sperm cells..

Early this year, a HarvardMedicalSchool study has linked high dose of fish oil (up to 12 grams per day) with significant anti-depressant effect. The Harvard researchers strongly attribute this effect to the DHA content of the fish oil.

DHA -the unique fatty acid Once you examine the structure of the DHA molecule, it is easy to appreciate why of all the fatty acids that exist in nature, DHA is truly unique. It is the longest and most complex of the long chain fatty acids. It has a 22-carbon backbone with 6 double bonds within the carbon chain. That is why DHA is highly flexible despite its length. This structure renders easy re-alignment. The double bonds make it functionally capable to conduct electrical messages throughout the body, unlike the saturated fatty acid structure (without double bond) found in most animal fats.

Pertaining to its functional characteristics, DHA is concentrated in parts of the body that need high electrical conductivity. Thus, DHA is found largely in the central nervous system -mostly in the brain. In fact, it is the most common structural fat of the human brain. The many double bonds also allow it to absorb free radicals. Therefore, high amounts of DHA in the brain can also delay free radical damage and the aging process.

In many conditions, both nutritional and medical, DHA may in the future be shown to be more important than EPA. It is now known that DHA can be easily retro- converted to EPA, hence providing both types of the very long chain omega-3 fatty acids according to the needs of the body. However, the conversion of EPA to DHA is limited in many conditions. It is somewhat less easy compared with the conversion of DHA to EPA as the body’s enzyme systems favour in reducing the number of carbon atoms in the chain rather than elongating it. Moreover, this process becomes less efficient as we age.

Sorting out the differences, these two fatty acids have rather major differences in the way and where they function in the body. Eicosapentaenoic acid is said to mainly benefit the cardiovascular systems. It also improves inflammatory problems like autoimmune disorders, asthma and arthritis. The potential of EPA to thin blood has led to the fear that it may predispose users to bleeding problems. However, this has never happened in real life at the doses that have been recommended.

Docosahexaenoic acid, on the other hand, is clearly linked to mental functioning as well as vision ability. It not only plays a vital role during pregnancy and infant development, but also during old age, in mental conditions, and in patients with peroxisomal disorders.

How much can one take? Recommendations have been so far focusing on the total omega-3 intake. However, more new research is now targeting on the DHA component in the fish oil. This is especially so since new technology is now available to allow cost effective commercial production of pure DHA from micro-algae. After all, the DHA found in fish is not made by the fish themselves. The fish merely concentrate the DHA that is produced by the micro- algae they consumed, of which comprise the base of the marine food chain. The current recommended DHA dose by the National Institute of Health of the United States is 660mg daily, while other researchers recommend 200 -400mg for adults and 100mg daily for children.

BREAST CANCER

BREAST CANCER

You can beat breast cancer, by empowering yourself with information.

By Cathy Babao Guballa

Kara Magsanoc Alikpala is a survivor. Specifically, a breast cancer survivor. In her early thirties, she had the world at her feet.’ One day, during a routine examination, she felt a lump in her breast. After a check­up, it was decided that she would undergo a biopsy, which she thought was going to be routine. “My doctor really did not think there was going to be a problem.” An hour after surgery, it was found out that she had breast cancer. Months later, she and her family went to the U.S. for further tests and treatment. A journalist by profession, Kara learned to become an active participant in her war against breast cancer. It has been a most interesting journey for this young woman who has now been cured of a disease that was once commonly thought of as a “death sentence” .After being declared free from the disease, Kara married her long-time boy- friend and, last year, wrote a book “I Can Serve”, a source book of people, places, and services for the Philippine breast cancer community. Today, through her doctor’s help and by God’s grace, she is living what she calls a second lease on life and expecting her first child in the summer. In the foreword of her book Kara says, “Every person will have that crisis in his lifetime that would define and change him forever. Mine was cancer. The least I can do is to give back the grace that has been given me. Women need to empower themselves with information. It’s the first line of defense and the best we can do for ourselves and the people we love best’

cancerBREAST BASICS: Breast cancer is the second most common cause of cancer death in the U.S. In Asia, the Philippines has the highest incidence of breast cancer; the disease is one of the leading causes of death among Filipino women. Breast cancer can be stow or fast growing. Cancer cells are microscopic; it may take one to five years before the cancerous area grows large enough to be felt as a mass or tumor.

Seventy to 80 percent of all breast cancer develops in the ducts of the mammary glands. It is best to discover cancer while it’s still growing in the ducts, before the cells have spread outside the duct lining and potentially throughout the body. Although breast cancer may strike close to a hundred thousand women all over Asia each year, this is not the end of the road for these women many times, not even the loss of a breast.

These days, more and more women are opting for lump ectomies and radiation rather than mastectomy. Lumpectomy involves the (erioval of the tissue around the lump only, rather than the whole breast (mastectomy). In’ addition, mammography and monthly breast self exams give women the chance to catch cancer early. According to experts, there can be a 95 percent survival rate if cancer is detected early.

PREPARING FOR AN EXAM: The causes of breast cancer remain unknown. However, what we have learned so far has been enough to contribute to the survival of thousands of women and men (yes, men can and do get breast cancer). The following are symptoms of’ breast cancer:

• A lump or thickening in your breast or under your arm

• Any change in the size or shape of your breast

• Any bloody or unusual discharge from your nipple

• Changes in color or texture of the skin of your breast, such as dimpling, puckering, or-developing a rash

• Swelling, redness, feeling sensation of heat in your breast

• Inverted nipple in a breast where the nipple previously was not inverted

If you notice any of these symptoms, call or see your physician right away. At the doctor’s office you should be able to answer when you noticed the lump, discharge, or change in the appearance of your breast; at what point in your menstrual cycle were the changes visible and whether it has changed since then. How was it found? Was it by accident, by someone else, or during a breast self-exam (BSE)? Are there any other symptoms or incidents that accompanied the lump-pain, itching, or something striking your breast? Were there previous breast symptoms? Be prepared to relate your medical history-all medications taken including hormones and over the counter remedies, your reproductive history, previous cancers, and even conditions that may seem unrelated. A background check of your family history is also included during a doctor’s visit. To better understand breast cancer, you will no doubt have many questions. If you are unfamiliar with something-a new word or medical procedure do not be afraid to ask about it. The following suggestions can assist you in having an informative discussion with your physical or health care provider:

• Think about how you best learn information. Is it from books? People? On-line? Use these sources to get the information you need. As you think of questions, write them down. Keep a notepad at your bedside, in your purse, in the car, etc. Ask your doctor these questions and remember: all questions are good questions.

• Every individual is allowed to have a copy of his/her records. If there are any questions or concerns about any mammogram, pathology, diagnosis, or treatment option, consider a second opinion. It is best to go to a different hospital or clinic for a second opinion. When you make treatment decisions, consider also ongoing clinical trials and ask how these might affect you.

• For emotional support, ask about individual counseling or support groups near you. Although it is often helpful to seek opinions and advice from others, always remember that the decisions you make should be based on your unique medical circumstances, value systems, and beliefs.

TESTS & SECOND OPINIONS

Breast self examinations (BSEs) make you more aware of changes in your breast. It gives you the opportunity to know what’s usual or unusual about the shape, appearance, and feel of your breasts so that you are likely to notice any changes. A BSE only takes a few minutes, just once a month. It is best done five to seven days after the start of your period. If you are postmenopausal, select a particular day like the first or last day of the month.

Regular clinical check-ups by a health care professional skilled in breast examination should be performed at least once a year. Mammograms are an important screening technique and can usually detect breast cancer before any noticeable symptoms occur. However, screening mammograms miss at least 20 percent of all tumors, so you need to be aware of what mammography can and cannot do for you. According to Etta Pisano, M.D., a professor of radiology and chief of breast imaging at the University of North Carolina, about 10 percent of mammograms reveal an abnormality, but many of these turn out to be false positives. Several other new techniques are gaining support such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) which is often better than mammography at spotting possible cancers in women with dense breasts, scarring from previous surgery, or breast implants, and may eventually be better at detecting early cancers. Another promising but high- priced technology is digital mammography. Like regular mammography, it x-rays the breast, except that the images are captured electronically and viewed on a computer monitor instead of on film. “Diagnosing breast cancer is like looking for a baseball in a forest,” explains Pisano. “Digital mammography allows us to cut down some of the trees for a better view.” Currently the technique is being tested in clinical trials around the U.S.

Until recently, most women whose mammograms were questionable had no choice but to undergo a surgical biopsy in which the doctor anesthetizes

the patient and removes a piece of tissue from the breast for evaluation. This procedure leaves a noticeable scar. Only a fifth of these biopsies turn up a Diagnosis of cancer meaning the scarring and post­operative pan of the procedure were often unnecessary. As an alternative, the core needle biopsy became widely accepted in the early “90s. The procedure allows physicians, guided by either ultrasound or mammography, to extract a tiny piece of tissue from a woman’s breast using a hollow needle. “Core needle biopsy is a wonderful, minimally invasive technique for making a diagnosis of abnormalities in the breast,” says Laura Lieberman, M.D., an associate attending radiologist at MemorialSloan-KetteringCancerCenter in New York City. “When done correctly, its accuracy is comparable to that of surgical biopsy.” What’s more, the technique leaves little or no scarring and costs less than going under the knife.

Remember, YOU are the owner of your body. You have choices. You have the power to make Ihe decisions that affect your body. Breast cancer patients have often found it helpful to take a friend with them to medical appointments. Because there is so much information to remember, it may be helpful to bring a tape recorder as well.